GUANGZHOU, China — In mid-2019, Huawei launched its own operating system — HarmonyOS — in response to U.S. actions that minimize it off from Google software program.
It was the Chinese language know-how big’s most formidable cell software program push, one it hoped would assist its handset enterprise to outlive.
On Monday, Huawei announced that HarmonyOS would begin rolling out on its smartphones from April. Huawei cellphone customers would be capable of obtain it as an replace.
A spokesperson confirmed to CNBC that customers exterior of China would additionally be capable of obtain it. The corporate’s new foldable Mate X2 gadget, launched on Monday, could be one of many first to get HarmonyOS with different handsets to comply with.
In 2019, Huawei was placed on a U.S. blacklist often called the Entity Listing which restricted American corporations from exporting know-how to the Chinese language firm. Google cut ties with Huawei as a result. That meant Huawei couldn’t use licensed Google Android on its smartphones. That is not an enormous deal in China the place Google apps resembling Gmail are blocked. However in abroad markets, the place Android is the preferred working system, it was an enormous blow.
That transfer by the Trump administration mixed with sanctions designed to cut Huawei off from critical chip supplies, has hurt the Chinese telecommunication firm’s smartphone sales.
Huawei might want to discover a supply of chip provides for its smartphones. However HarmonyOS is the opposite “critically vital” half to make sure the survival of Huawei’s smartphone enterprise, in keeping with Nicole Peng, analyst at Canalys.
Huawei touts HarmonyOS as an working system that may work throughout units from smartphones to TVs. In September, it launched the second version of HarmonyOS and has been courting builders to make apps for the platform.
And with a view to worldwide customers, Huawei redesigned the interface for its app retailer often called the AppGallery and improved navigation capabilities.
A visitor holds her cellphone displaying an image taken throughout Huawei’s press convention unveiling its new HarmonyOS working system in Dongguan, Guangdong province on August 9, 2019.
Fred Dufour | AFP| Getty Photos
“Search built-in into the AppGallery will assist so much when it comes to serving to folks uncover apps,” Peng mentioned.
Additionally, Huawei might be pushing the replace to current customers of its units which ought to assist drive use of the working system abroad.
Presently, Huawei’s AppGallery has over 530 million month-to-month lively customers.
Apps are important to cell working programs. Apple’s iOS and Google Android are the 2 most dominant working programs as a result of they’ve hundreds of thousands of builders making apps for his or her respective platforms.
Huawei has a set of apps resembling mapping and a browser beneath a banner known as Huawei Cellular Companies (HMS). HMS is much like Google Cellular Companies and gives builders kits that can be utilized to combine issues like location companies into apps. HMS has 2.3 million registered builders globally.
And in China, it is ready to deliver on board widespread apps.
Nonetheless, in worldwide markets, Huawei may face some challenges. For instance, its app retailer is lacking main names resembling Fb or Google apps, that are vital to customers overseas.
“If Huawei needs to achieve success at promoting telephones abroad, then it wants the fitting purposes, that are unlikely to reach on HarmonyOS. So having access to Google Cellular Companies once more is important if it needs to construct its worldwide cellphone enterprise,” Bryan Ma, vp of units analysis at IDC, mentioned through electronic mail.
With Google Android and iOS dominating exterior China, Huawei may also have the steep job of convincing customers to modify.
“By way of challenges, it is nonetheless in areas … (whether or not) the product will be capable of be be accepted by heavy customers utilizing, for instance, Google apps and Google companies,” Canalys’ Peng mentioned.
In the meantime, Huawei additionally probably lacks the important thing provides to make telephones sooner or later as a result of U.S. transferring to chop it off from chips. Huawei’s Mate X2 makes use of Huawei’s proprietary Kirin 9000 processor. Richard Yu, the CEO of the buyer enterprise, mentioned the corporate has sufficient manufacturing capability for the foldable cellphone even after warning final 12 months provides may run out.
That, together with the uncertainty of success with the working system, is an enormous problem Huawei faces.
“Huawei may proceed to drive the native China market with out such issues (about HarmonyOS apps), however there’s a a lot greater subject in that it’s struggling to get parts within the first place,” Ma mentioned.